Bibliografía y referencias

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Referencias y Bibliografía tomada del libro electrónico : Funciones en el organismo de vitaminas, minerales y aminoácidos. Saluzvir

Química 11°, POVEDA VARGAS, Julio Cesar. GUTIERREZ RIVEROS, Lilia. Páginas 285 a 294.

Investiguemos Química 11°. Páginas 187- 188.

Hacia la Química 2. Páginas 486 a 490.

Química General, SLABAUGH Y PARSONS. Páginas 443 a 457.

El Manual Merck novena edición. Grupo Editorial OCEANO/CENTRUM

Berdanier, C. 1997. Advanced Nutrition Micronutrients. pp 22-39

American Cancer Society: Retinoid Therapy

Wolf, George (2001-04-19). “Discovery of Vitamin A”. Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. doi:10.1038/npg.els.0003419. Retrieved on 2007-07-21.

NW Solomons, M Orozco. Alleviation of Vitamin A deficiency with palm fruit and its products. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr, 2003.

Sources of vitamin A. Retrieved on 2007-08-27.

Roncone DP (2006). “Xerophthalmia secondary to alcohol-induced malnutrition”. Optometry (St. Louis, Mo.) 77 (3): 124-33. doi:10.1016/j.optm.2006.01.005. PMID 16513513. Retrieved on 2007-08-18.

Gerald Litwack, Vitamin A. (Vitamins and Hormones. Vol. 75.) 412 pp., illustrated. San Diego, CA, Elsevier Academic Press, 2007. ISBN 978-0-12-709875-3.

“Thiamin”, Jane Higdon, Micronutrient Information Center, Linus Pauling Institute.

Thiamine Responsive Megaloblastic Anemia with severe diabetes mellitus and sensorineural deafness (TRMA) PMID 249270

Thiamine’s Mood-Mending Qualities, Richard N. Podel, Nutrition Science News, January 1999.

Pediatric Clinics of North America, 16:191, 1969.

Lonsdale D, Shamberger RJ, Audhya T (2002). “Treatment of autism spectrum children with thiamine tetrahydrofurfuryl disulfide: a pilot study” (PDF). Neuro Endocrinol. Lett 23 (4): 303–8. PMID 12195231. Retrieved on 2007-08-10.

Lonsdale D (2006). “A review of the biochemistry, metabolism and clinical benefits of thiamin and its derivatives”. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 3 (1): 49–59. PMID 16550223.

Valores de referencia de energía y nutrientes de la población venezolana.

Caracas. Ministerio de Salud y Desarrollo Social. Instituto Nacional de Nutrición, 2000

Brody, Tom (1999). Nutritional Biochemistry. San Diego: Academic Press. ISBN 0-12-134836-9. *Unna, Klaus and Greslin, Joseph G. (1942). “Studies on the toxicity and pharmacology of riboflavin”. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 76 (1): 75-80.

Zempleni, J and Galloway, JR and McCormick, DB (1996). “Pharmacokinetics of orally and intravenously administered riboflavin in healthy humans”. Am J Clin Nutr 63 (1): 54-66. The American Society for Nutrition. PMID 8604671.

Stahmann KP, Revuelta JL and Seulberger H. (2000). “Three biotechnical processes using Ashbya gossypii, Candida famata, or Bacillus subtilis compete with chemical riboflavin production”. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 53 (5): 509-516.

Jane Higdon, “Riboflavin”, Micronutrient Information Center, Linus Pauling Institute • Mirasol PRT includes a brief description of riboflavin as an agent to inactivate pathogens.

Valores de referencia de energía y nutrientes de la población venezolana. Caracas. Ministerio de Salud y Desarrollo Social. Instituto Nacional de Nutrición, 2000

Chapman M, Assmann G, Fruchart J, Sheperd J, Sirtori C. 2004. Raising high-density lipoprotein cholesterol with reduction of cardiovascular risk: the role of nicotinic acid – a position paper developed by the European Consensus Panel on HDL-C. Cur Med Res Opin., 20(8): 1253-68.

Northwestern University Nutrition

Hardman, J.G. et al., eds., Goodman and Gilman’s Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 10th ed.

Hazards: Niacin to Pass a Drug Test Can Have Dangerous Results, By Nagourney, E., New York Times, April 17, 2007

Mittal M.K., Florin T., Perrone J., Delgado J.H., Osterhoudt K.C. 2007. Toxicity From the Use of Niacin to Beat Urine Drug Screening. Ann Emerg Med. Apr 4.

Vitamin B3 University of Maryland Medical Center.

Higdon, J. “Niacin”, Micronutrient Information Center, Linus Pauling Institute.

Canner P.L., Berge K.G., Wenger N.K., et al. 1986. Fifteen year mortality in Coronary Drug Project patients: long-term benefit with niacin. J Am Coll Cardiol., 8(6): 1245-1255.

Niacin abuse in the attempt to alter urine drug tests. Pharmacist’s Letter/Prescriber’s Letter 2007;23(6):230606.

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Katzung, T. Basic and Clinical Pharmacology, 9th ed. p. 570.

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Heart Journal Supplements, Vol. 8, Suppl. F, pp. F47-F53

Gass, J. D. 1973. Nictonic Acid Maculopathy. Am. J. Opthamology, 76: 500-10.

Kimura S, Furukawa Y, Wakasugi J, Ishihara Y, Nakayama A. Antagonism of L(-)pantothenic acid on lipid metabolism in animals. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo). 1980;26(2):113-7. PMID 7400861.

Jane Higdon, “Pantothenic Acid”, Micronutrient Information Center, Linus Pauling Institute.

MedlinePlus. “Pantothenic acid (Vitamin-B5), Dexpanthenol”. Natural Standard

Research Collaboration. U.S. National Library of Medicine. Last accessed 4 Jan 2007 Nutrient Data Products and Services, Nutrient Data: Reports by Single Nutrients. Retrieved on 2007-08-12.

Said H, Ortiz A, McCloud E, Dyer D, Moyer M, Rubin S (1998). “Biotin uptake by human colonic epithelial NCM460 cells: a carrier-mediated process shared with pantothenic acid.”. Am J Physiol 275 (5 Pt 1): C1365-71. PMID 9814986.

Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin

B12, Pantothenic Acid, Biotin, and Choline. National Academy Press, 2000

Leung L (1995). “Pantothenic acid deficiency as the pathogenesis of acne vulgaris”.

Med Hypotheses 44 (6): 490-2. PMID 7476595.

Münchener Medizinische Wochenschrift (Germany), 1997, 139/12 (34-37)

Lehninger, A. L., 1976. Curso breve de Bioquímica. Omega, Barcelona, 447 pp.

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Ann Pharmacother. 2008 Jul;42 (7):967-78. Epub 2008 Jun 17.

Premenstrual syndrome. Evidence-based treatment in family practice. Can Fam Physician. 2002 Nov;48:1789-97

Escott-Stump S, ed. Nutrition and Diagnosis-Related Care. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2008.

Sarubin Fragaakis A, Thomson C. The Health Professionals’ Guide to Popular Dietary Supplements. 3rd ed. Chicago, Il: American Dietetic Association; 2007.

Institute of Medicine. Food and Nutrition Board. Dietary Reference Intakes for Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, Vitamin B6, Folate, Vitamin B12, PantothenicAcid, Biotin, and Choline. National Academy Press, Washington, DC, 1998.

Hamrick I, Counts SH. Vitamin and mineral supplements. Wellness and Prevention. December 2008:35(4);729-747.

Campbell, R. Keith (Nov 2006). “A Critical Review of Chromium Picolinate and Biotin”. U.S. Pharmacist 31 (11).

Holmberg A, Blomstergren A, Nord O et al. (2005). “The biotin-streptavidin interaction can be reversibly broken using water at elevated temperatures”. Electrophoresis 26 (3):

501-10. doi:10.1002/elps.200410070. PMID 15690449.

Jane Higdon, “Biotin”, Micronutrient Information Center, Linus Pauling Institute

Biotin – Biocytin (Brewer’s YeastBiotin Complex)

Clercq, Pierre J. De (1997). “Biotin: A Timeless Challenge for Total Synthesis”.

Chemical Review 97: 1755-1792. doi:10.1021/cr950073e

Kamen B (1997). “Folate and antifolate pharmacology”. Seminars in oncology 24 (5 Suppl 18): S18-30-S18-39. PMID 9420019.

Fenech M, Aitken C, Rinaldi J (1998). “Folate, vitamin B12, homocysteine status and DNA damage in young Australian adults”. Carcinogenesis 19 (7): 1163-71. PMID 9683174.

Zittoun J (1993). “Anemias due to disorder of folate, vitamin B12 and transcobalamin metabolism”. La Revue du praticien 43 (11): 1358-63. PMID 8235383. (en francés)

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Shaw GM, Schaffer D, Velie EM, Morland K, Harris JA (1995). “Periconceptional vitamin use, dietary folate, and the occurrence of neural tube defects”. Epidemiology 6 (3): 219-226. PMID 7619926.

Mulinare J, Cordero JF, Erickson JD, Berry RJ (1988). “Periconceptional use of multivitamins and the occurrence of neural tube defects”. Journal of the American Medical Association 260 (21): 3141-3145. PMID 3184392.

Milunsky A, Jick H, Jick SS, Bruell CL, MacLaughlin DS, Rothman KJ, Willett W (1989). “Multivitamin/folic acid supplementation in early pregnancy reduces the prevalence of neural tube defects”. Journal of the American Medical Association 262 (20): 2847-2852. PMID 2478730.

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Scott JM (1999 May). “Folate and vitamin B12”. Proc Nutr Soc. 2 (58): 441-8. PMID 10466189.

Hathcock JN. (1997). “Vitamins and minerals: efficacy and safety”. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 66 (2): 427-37. PMID 9250127.

Baggott JE, Morgan SL, HaT, Vaughn WH, Hine RJ (1992). “Inhibition of folate-dependent enzymes by non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs”. Biochemical Journal 282 (Pt 1): 197-202. PMID 1540135.

BBC Folic acid ‘hinders malaria drug’ 21 October 2006

Malinow MR, Duell PB, Hess DL, Anderson PH, Kruger WD, Phillipson BE, Gluckman RA, Block PC, Upson BM (1998). “Reduction of plasma homocyst(e)ine levels by breakfast cereal fortified with folic acid in patients with coronary heart disease”. New England Journal of Medicine 338 (15): 1009-15. PMID 9535664.

Daly S, Mills JL, Molloy AM, Conley M, Lee YJ, Kirke PN, Weir DG, Scott JM (1997). “Minimum effective dose of folic acid for food fortification to prevent neural-tube defects”. Lancet 350 (9092): 1666-9. PMID 9400511.

Refsum H, Ueland PM, Nygard O, Vollset SE (1998). “Homocysteine and cardiovascular disease”. Annual Review of Medicine 49 (1): 31-62. PMID 9509248.

Malinow MR (1995). “Plasma homocyst(e)ine and arterial occlusive diseases: A mini-review”. Clinical Chemistry 41 (1): 173-6. PMID 7813076.

BBC Folic acid ‘reduces stroke risks’ 31 May 2007

Van Guelpen B (2007). “Folate in colorectal cancer, prostate cancer and cardiovascular disease”. Scand J Clin Lab Invest 67 (5): 459–73.

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Jennings E (1995). “Folic acid as a cancer-preventing agent”. Med Hypotheses 45 (3):

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Kim YI (2004). “Will mandatory folic acid fortification prevent or promote cancer?”. Am J Clin Nutr 80 (5): 1123–8. PMID 15531657.

Larsson SC, Håkansson N, Giovannucci E, Wolk A (2006). “Folate intake and pancreatic cancer incidence: a prospective study of Swedish women and men”. J Natl Cancer Inst 98 (6): 407–13. doi:10.1093/jnci/djj094. PMID 16537833.

Cole BF, Baron JA, Sandler RS et al. (2007). “Folic acid for the prevention of colorectal adenomas: a randomized clinical trial”. JAMA 297 (21): 2351–9. PMID 17551129.

Kim YI (2006). “Does a high folate intake increase the risk of breast cancer?”. Nutr Rev 64 (10 Pt 1): 468–75. doi:10.1301/nr.2006.oct.468-475. PMID 17063929.

Ericson U, Sonestedt E, Gullberg B, Olsson H, Wirfält E (2007). “High folate intake is associated with lower breast cancer incidence in postmenopausal women in the Malmö Diet and Cancer cohort”. Am J Clin Nutr 86 (2): 434–43. PMID 17684216.

Rubio IT, Cao Y, Hutchins LF, Westbrook KC, Klimberg VS (1998). “Effect of glutamine on methotrexate efficacy and toxicity”. Annals of Surgery 227 (5): 772-8. PMID 9605669.

Wolff JE, Hauch H, Kuhl J, Egeler RM, Jurgens H (1998). “Dexamethasone increases hepatotoxicity of MTX in children with brain tumors”. Anticancer Research 18 (4B): 2895-9. PMID 9713483.

Kepka L, De Lassence A, Ribrag V, Gachot B, Blot F, Theodore C, Bonnay M, Korenbaum C, Nitenberg G (1998). “Successful rescue in a patient with high dose methotrexate-induced nephrotoxicity and acute renal failure”. Leukemia & Lymphoma 29 (1-2): 205-9. PMID 9638991.

Branda RF, Nigels E, Lafayette AR, Hacker M. (1998). “Nutritional folate status influences the efficacy and toxicity of chemotherapy in rats”. Blood 92 (7): 2471-6. PMID 9746787.

Shiroky JB (1997). “The use of folates concomitantly with low-dose pulse methotrexate”. Rheumatic Diseases Clinics of North America 23 (4): 969-80. PMID 9361164.

Keshava C, Keshava N, Whong WZ, Nath J, Ong TM (1998). “Inhibition of methotrexate-induced chromosomal damage by folinic acid in V79 cells”. Mutation Research 397 (2): 221-8. PMID 9541646.

Morgan SL, Baggott JE (1995). “Folate antagonists in nonneoplastic disease: proposed mechanisms of efficacy and toxicity”. In Bailey LB, Folate in Health and Disease, 405-433. New York: Marcel Dekker. ISBN 0-8247-9280-7.

Morgan SL, Baggott JE, Alarcon GS (1997). “Methotrexate in rheumatoid arthritis: folate supplementation should always be given.”. BioDrugs 8 (1): 164-175. Click here to request reprint from publisher

Morgan SL, Baggott JE, Lee JY, Alarcon GS (1998). “Folic acid supplementation prevents deficient blood folate levels and hyperhomocysteinemia during longterm, low dose methotrexate therapy for rheumatoid arthritis: Implications for cardiovascular disease prevention”. Journal of Rheumatology 25 (3): 441-6. PMID 9517760.

Coppen A, Bolander-Gouaille C. (2005). “Treatment of depression: time to consider folic acid and vitamin B12”. Journal of Psychopharmacology 19 (1): 59-65. PMID 15671130.

Taylor MJ, Carney SM, Goodwin GM, Geddes JR. (2004). “Folate for depressive disorders: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials”. Journal of Psychopharmacology 18 (2): 251-6. PMID 15260915.

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Departamento de Biología Oral, Indiana Escuela Universitaria de Odontología, Indianápolis 46202. Mutation Research, agosto de 1995, 335(1): 21-6 Informe clínico (Kiso a Rinsho, en los japonés) 7 (1978): 719 Asai Instituto de Investigación de Germanio, Tokio, Japón, 1984.

The Journal of Interferon Research 4 (1984):223-233.

Joan Corominas: Breve diccionario Etimológico de la lengua castellana. 3º edición, 1987. Ed. Gredos, Madrid.

Wikimedia Commons alberga contenido multimedia sobre Hierro.Commons Wikcionario tiene definiciones para Hierro.Wikcionario.

Trumbo P, Yates AA, Schlicker S, Poos M. Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine, The National Academies, Washington, DC. Dietary reference intakes: vitamin A, vitamin K, arsenic, boron, chromium, copper, iodine, iron, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, silicon, vanadium, and zinc. J Am Diet Assoc. 2001 Mar;101(3):294-301.

Allen RE, Myers AL. Nutrition in toddlers. Am Fam Physician. 2006 Nov 1;74(9):1527-32. Review.

Mason, MB. Vitamins, trace minerals, and other micronutrients. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007: chap 237.

J Biol Chem. 2008 Nov 28;283(48):33183-90. Epub 2008 Oct 3. Click here to read the abstract

Devlin, T. M. 2004. Bioquímica, 4ª edición. Reverté, Barcelona. ISBN 84-291-7208-4 Escott-Stump S, ed. Nutrition and Diagnosis-Related Care. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2008.

Sarubin Fragaakis A, Thomson C. The Health Professional’s Guide to Popular Dietary Supplements. 3rd ed. Chicago, Il: American Dietetic Association; 2007.

Institute of Medicine, Food and Nutrition Board. Dietary Reference Intakes: Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. National Academy Press, Washington, DC, 2000.

Humphry Davy (1808). «On Some New Phenomena of Chemical Changes Produced by

Electricity, Particularly the Decomposition of Fixed Alkalies, and the Exhibition of the New Substances which Constitute their Bases: and on the General Nature of Alkaline Bodies». Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society.

Campbell, Neil (1987). Biology. pp. 795. ISBN 0-8053-1840-2.

Lockless SW, Zhou M, MacKinnon R.. «Structural and thermodynamic properties of selective ion binding in a K+ channel». Laboratory of Molecular Neurobiology and Biophysic, Rockefeller University. Consultado el 08-03-2008. Sánchez, C. Restrepo J. Hiperkalemia/Hiopkalemia.

Mahan, K. Escott S. Nutricion y Dietoterapia de Krause.1996

Potts, W.T.W.; Parry, G. (1964). Osmotic and ionic regulation in animals. Pergamon Press.

Bennett CM, Brenner BM, Berliner RW (1968). «Micropuncture study of nephron function in the rhesus monkey». J Clin Invest 47 (1): pp. 203–216. PMID 16695942.

Solomon AK (1962). «Pumps in the living cell». Sci. Am. 207: pp. 100–8. PMID 13914986.

Enciclopedia.us.es/Index.php/Azufre (Enciclopedia Libre).

EnvironmentalChemistry.com/Yogi/Periodic/S.html (en inglés).

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WebElements.com/Elements/Text/S/Index.html (en inglés).

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Diccionario de la Lengua Española Vigésima segunda edición Consultado el 18 de agosto de 201

Habashi, Fathi (PDF), Discovering the 8th Metal, International Zinc Association (IZA), http://www.iza.com/Documents/Communications/Publications/History.pdf, consultado el 2010-08-18 (en inglés)

United States Geological Survey (USGS) (Enero de 2010). «La producción de Zinc en el mundo en 2009». Mineral Commodity Summaries 2010.

Stewart-Knox BJ, Simpson EE, Parr H, et al (2008). “Taste acuity in response to zinc supplementation in older Europeans”. Br. J. Nutr. 99 (1): 129–36.

doi:10.1017/S0007114507781485. PMID 17651517

Black, M. (1998) “Zinc deficiency and child development”. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 68: 464S-9S

United States Geological Survey (USGS) – 2009

Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper,

Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc (2001),

Food and Nutrition Board (FNB), Institute of Medicine (IOM)

International Council for the Control of Iodine Definiciency Disorders – Sources of iodine

MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Iodine in diet

Valores de referencia de energía y nutrientes de la población venezolana.

Caracas. Ministerio de Salud y Desarrollo Social. Instituto Nacional de Nutrición, 2000 S. Mahan, K. Escott (1996). Nutrición y Dietoterapia de Krause.

Cinza Sanjuro, Sergio; Enrique Nieto Pol (2005). Hipernatremia.Hiponatermia. Guías clinicas.

DIANE Publishing, ed. Implementing recommendations for dietary salt reduction: Where are we?. ISBN 1428929096.

Aronow WS, Fleg JL, Pepine CJ, et al. ACCF/AHA 2011 expert consensus document on hypertension in the elderly: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation Task Force on Clinical Expert Consensus documents developed in collaboration with the American Academy of Neurology, American Geriatrics Society, American Society for Preventive Cardiology, American Society of Hypertension, American Society of Nephrology, Association of Black Cardiologists, and European Society of Hypertension. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2011May 17;57(20):2037-114.

Schmela, M., Photon International, May 2005,24-35

Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trajabo de España.

Kreutzmann, A., Photon International, May 2006, 26-34

Bernreuter, J., Photon International, June 2004, 36-42

Weidhaus, D., Schindlbeck, E., Hesse, K., in Proc. of the 19th European PVSEC,Paris, 2004, 564-567

Kriestad, K. et al., en Proc. of the 19th European PVSEC, Paris 2004, 568-571

Soric, A. et al., en Proc. of the 21st European PVSEC, Dresden 2006, 1000-1004 Dizionario etimológico essenziale della lingua italiana. Milán: Aldo Garz

Litio (Li)

WebElements.com – Litio

EnvironmentalChemistry.com – Litio

39

Es Elemental – Litio

Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo de España

Wikimedia Commons alberga contenido multimedia sobre Magnesio.Commons

EnvironmentalChemistry.com

FatResistanceDiet.com (el magnesio en la dieta).

MTAS.es (Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo de España: ficha internacional de seguridad química del magnesio).

WebElements.com

Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine. DRI Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Vitamin D, and Fluoride. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 1997.

Yu ASL. Disorders of magnesium and phosphorus. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 120.

Rakel D, ed. Integrative Medicine. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007.

Wikimedia Commons alberga contenido multimedia sobre Manganeso.Commons

ATSDR en Español – ToxFAQs™: manganeso

EnvironmentalChemistry.com – Manganese

International Manganese Institute

Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo de España: Ficha internacional de seguridad química del manganeso.

WebElements.com – Manganese

Dobson AW, Erikson KM, Aschner M. Manganese neurotoxicity. Ann N Y Acad Sci 2004;1012:115-28 .

Powers KM, Smith-Weller T, Franklin GM, et al. Parkinson’s disease risks associated with dietary iron, manganese, and other nutrient intakes. Neurology 2003;60:1761-6. Lee JW. Manganese intoxication. Arch Neurol 2000;57:597-9.

Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin

A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese,

Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 2002. Available at: www.nap.edu/books/0309072794/html/.

Freeland-Graves JH. Manganese: an essential nutrient for humans. Nutr Today 1988;23:13-9.

Freeland-Graves JH, Turnlund JR. Deliberations and evaluations of the approaches, endpoints and paradigms for manganese and molybdenum dietary recommendations. J Nutr 1996;126:2435S-40S .

Penland JG, Johnson PE. Dietary calcium and manganese effects on menstrual cycle symptoms. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1993;168:1417-23 .

Moghissi KS. Risks and benefits of nutritional supplements during pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol 1981;58:68S-78S .

O’Dell BL. Mineral interactions relevant to nutrient requirements. J Nutr 1989;119:1832-

8 .

Krieger D, Krieger S, Jansen O, et al. Manganese and chronic hepatic encephalopathy. Lancet 1995;346:270-4 .

editor-in-chief David R. Lide. (1994). «Molybdenum». CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. 4. Chemical Rubber Publishing Company. p. 18. ISBN 0849304741.

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Dos Santos, Patricia C.; Dean, Dennis R. (2008). «A newly discovered role for iron-sulfur clusters». PNAS 105 (33): p. 11589–

11590. doi:10.1073/pnas.0805713105. PMID 18697949. edited by Glenn D. Considine. (2005). «Molybdenum». Van Nostrand’s Encyclopedia of Chemistry. New York: Wiley-Interscience. pp. 1038–1040. ISBN 9780471615255.

Shpak, Anatoly P; Kotrechko, Sergiy O; Mazilova, Tatjana I; Mikhailovskij, Igor M (2009). «Inherent tensile strength of molybdenum nanocrystals» (free-download pdf). Science and Technology of Advanced Materials 10:

pp. 045004. doi:10.1088/1468-6996/10/4/045004.

Schmidt, Max (1968). «VI. Nebengruppe» (en German). Anorganische Chemie II.. Wissenschaftsverlag. pp. 119–127.

«Properties of Molybdenum». Integral Scientist Periodic Table. Qivx, Inc. (2003). Consultado el 10-06-2007.

Winter, Mark. «Chemistry». Molybdenum. The University of Sheffield. Consultado el 10-06-2007.

Holleman, Arnold F.; Wiberg, Egon; Wiberg, Nils (1985). Lehrbuch der Anorganischen

Chemie (91–100 edición). Walter de Gruyter. pp. 1096–1104. ISBN 3-11-007511

Pope, Michael T.; Müller, Achim (1997). «Polyoxometalate Chemistry: An Old Field with New Dimensions in Several Disciplines». Angewandte Chemie International Edition 30: p. 34. doi:10.1002/anie.199100341.

ed. by Nollet, Leo M.L. (2000). Handbook of water analysis. New York, NY: Marcel Dekker. pp. 280–288. ISBN 9780824784331.

http://books.google.com/books?id=YZpW4Y4Q_PIC&pg=PA280.

Emsley, John (2001). Nature’s Building Blocks. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

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WebElements.com – Bismuth

EnvironmentalChemistry.com – Bismuth

Bismuth breaks half-life record for alpha deca

Devlin, T. M. 2004. Bioquímica, 4ª edición. Reverté, Barcelona. ISBN 84-291-7208-4 Mahan, K. Escote S. Nutrición y dietoterapia de Krause, 1996. Dietary Supplement Fact Sheet: Calcium

Combs, G: “The Vitamins”, page 161. Academic Press, 2008

Zhao, Y. et al: “Calcium bioavailability of calcium carbonate fortified soy milk is equivalent to cow’s milk in young women”, J. Nutr., 135(10):2379

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«Chlorine». Los Alamos National Laboratory. Consultado el 17-03-2007.

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‘Chlorine bomb’ hits Iraq village. BBC News. 17-05-2007.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/6660585.stm. Consultado el 17-05-2007

Breve diccionario etimológico de la lengua castellana, Joan Corominas, Madrid, Gredos, 1961.

Joan Corominas: Breve diccionario etimológico de la lengua castellana. 3º edición, 1987. Ed. Gredos, Madrid.

Varios autores (1984). Enciclopedia de Ciencia y Técnica. Tomo 4 Cobre. Salvat Editores S.A. ISBN 84-345-4490-3.

Enfermedad de Wilson Medline Plus. Enciclopedia Médica [3-4-2008]

Cobre, en Medlineplus. Consultado el 27-5-2008

Efectos del cobre sobre la salud. Lenntech [30-4-2007]

China’s First Emperor. Andreas Gutzeit. documental TV (2008)

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Rakel D, ed. Integrative Medicine. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007.

Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007.

Isaac Asimov (1984). «Morir en el laboratorio». «El electrón es zurdo» y otros ensayos científicos (7ª edición). Alianza Editorial. p. 239-248. ISBN 84-206-1653-2.

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Enciclopedia Libre

Fósforo, descripción

Los Alamos National Laboratory – fósforo

WebElements.com – fósforo

EnvironmentalChemistry.com – fósforo

Technische Universität Darmstadt y CEEP – recuperación de fósforo

Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo de España

Yu ASL. Disorders of magnesium and phosphorus. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 120.

Rakel D, ed. Integrative Medicine. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007.

Institute of Medicine. Food and Nutrition Board. Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium, Phosphorous, Magnesium, Vitamin D, and Fluoride. National Academy Press, Washington, DC, 1997.

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USGS – Estadísticas sobre el germanio (producción, consumo y precios

Departamento de Biología Oral, Indiana Escuela Universitaria de Odontología, Indianápolis 46202. Mutation Research, agosto de 1995, 335(1): 21-6 Informe clínico (Kiso a Rinsho, en los japonés) 7 (1978): 719 Asai Instituto de Investigación de Germanio, Tokio, Japón, 1984.

The Journal of Interferon Research 4 (1984):223-233.

Joan Corominas: Breve diccionario Etimológico de la lengua castellana. 3º edición, 1987. Ed. Gredos, Madrid.

Wikimedia Commons alberga contenido multimedia sobre Hierro.Commons Wikcionario tiene definiciones para Hierro.Wikcionario.

Trumbo P, Yates AA, Schlicker S, Poos M. Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine, The National Academies, Washington, DC. Dietary reference intakes: vitamin A, vitamin K, arsenic, boron, chromium, copper, iodine, iron, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, silicon, vanadium, and zinc. J Am Diet Assoc. 2001 Mar;101(3):294-301.

Allen RE, Myers AL. Nutrition in toddlers. Am Fam Physician. 2006 Nov 1;74(9):1527-32. Review.

Mason, MB. Vitamins, trace minerals, and other micronutrients. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007: chap 237.

J Biol Chem. 2008 Nov 28;283(48):33183-90. Epub 2008 Oct 3. Click here to read the abstract

Devlin, T. M. 2004. Bioquímica, 4ª edición. Reverté, Barcelona. ISBN 84-291-7208-4 Escott-Stump S, ed. Nutrition and Diagnosis-Related Care. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2008.

Sarubin Fragaakis A, Thomson C. The Health Professional’s Guide to Popular Dietary Supplements. 3rd ed. Chicago, Il: American Dietetic Association; 2007.

Institute of Medicine, Food and Nutrition Board. Dietary Reference Intakes: Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. National Academy Press, Washington, DC, 2000.

Humphry Davy (1808). «On Some New Phenomena of Chemical Changes Produced by

Electricity, Particularly the Decomposition of Fixed Alkalies, and the Exhibition of the New Substances which Constitute their Bases: and on the General Nature of Alkaline Bodies». Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society.

Campbell, Neil (1987). Biology. pp. 795. ISBN 0-8053-1840-2.

Lockless SW, Zhou M, MacKinnon R.. «Structural and thermodynamic properties of selective ion binding in a K+ channel». Laboratory of Molecular Neurobiology and Biophysic, Rockefeller University. Consultado el 08-03-2008. Sánchez, C. Restrepo J. Hiperkalemia/Hiopkalemia.

Mahan, K. Escott S. Nutricion y Dietoterapia de Krause.1996

Potts, W.T.W.; Parry, G. (1964). Osmotic and ionic regulation in animals. Pergamon Press.

Bennett CM, Brenner BM, Berliner RW (1968). «Micropuncture study of nephron function in the rhesus monkey». J Clin Invest 47 (1): pp. 203–216. PMID 16695942.

Solomon AK (1962). «Pumps in the living cell». Sci. Am. 207: pp. 100–8. PMID 13914986.

Enciclopedia.us.es/Index.php/Azufre (Enciclopedia Libre).

EnvironmentalChemistry.com/Yogi/Periodic/S.html (en inglés).

MTAS.es/Insht/Ipcsnspn/Nspn1166.htm (Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo de España: ficha internacional de seguridad química del azufre).

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Periodic.Lanl.gov/Elements/16.html (Laboratorio Nacional de Los Álamos, EE. UU. En inglés).

WebElements.com/Elements/Text/S/Index.html (en inglés).

The Sulphur Institute (en inglés)

Diccionario de la Lengua Española Vigésima segunda edición Consultado el 18 de agosto de 201

Habashi, Fathi (PDF), Discovering the 8th Metal, International Zinc Association (IZA), http://www.iza.com/Documents/Communications/Publications/History.pdf, consultado el 2010-08-18 (en inglés)

United States Geological Survey (USGS) (Enero de 2010). «La producción de Zinc en el mundo en 2009». Mineral Commodity Summaries 2010.

Stewart-Knox BJ, Simpson EE, Parr H, et al (2008). “Taste acuity in response to zinc supplementation in older Europeans”. Br. J. Nutr. 99 (1): 129–36.

doi:10.1017/S0007114507781485. PMID 17651517

Black, M. (1998) “Zinc deficiency and child development”. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 68: 464S-9S

United States Geological Survey (USGS) – 2009

Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper,

Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc (2001),

Food and Nutrition Board (FNB), Institute of Medicine (IOM)

International Council for the Control of Iodine Definiciency Disorders – Sources of iodine

MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Iodine in diet

Valores de referencia de energía y nutrientes de la población venezolana.

Caracas. Ministerio de Salud y Desarrollo Social. Instituto Nacional de Nutrición, 2000 S. Mahan, K. Escott (1996). Nutrición y Dietoterapia de Krause.

Cinza Sanjuro, Sergio; Enrique Nieto Pol (2005). Hipernatremia.Hiponatermia. Guías clinicas.

DIANE Publishing, ed. Implementing recommendations for dietary salt reduction: Where are we?. ISBN 1428929096.

Aronow WS, Fleg JL, Pepine CJ, et al. ACCF/AHA 2011 expert consensus document on hypertension in the elderly: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation Task Force on Clinical Expert Consensus documents developed in collaboration with the American Academy of Neurology, American Geriatrics Society, American Society for Preventive Cardiology, American Society of Hypertension, American Society of Nephrology, Association of Black Cardiologists, and European Society of Hypertension. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2011May 17;57(20):2037-114.

Schmela, M., Photon International, May 2005,24-35

Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trajabo de España.

Kreutzmann, A., Photon International, May 2006, 26-34

Bernreuter, J., Photon International, June 2004, 36-42

Weidhaus, D., Schindlbeck, E., Hesse, K., in Proc. of the 19th European PVSEC,Paris, 2004, 564-567

Kriestad, K. et al., en Proc. of the 19th European PVSEC, Paris 2004, 568-571

Soric, A. et al., en Proc. of the 21st European PVSEC, Dresden 2006, 1000-1004 Dizionario etimológico essenziale della lingua italiana. Milán: Aldo Garzanti, 1979.

Litio (Li)

WebElements.com – Litio

EnvironmentalChemistry.com – Litio

344

Es Elemental – Litio

Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo de España

Wikimedia Commons alberga contenido multimedia sobre Magnesio.Commons

EnvironmentalChemistry.com

FatResistanceDiet.com (el magnesio en la dieta).

MTAS.es (Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo de España: ficha internacional de seguridad química del magnesio).

WebElements.com

Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine. DRI Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Vitamin D, and Fluoride. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 1997.

Yu ASL. Disorders of magnesium and phosphorus. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 120.

Rakel D, ed. Integrative Medicine. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007.

Wikimedia Commons alberga contenido multimedia sobre Manganeso.Commons

ATSDR en Español – ToxFAQs™: manganeso

EnvironmentalChemistry.com – Manganese

International Manganese Institute

Instituto Nacional de Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo de España: Ficha internacional de seguridad química del manganeso.

WebElements.com – Manganese

Dobson AW, Erikson KM, Aschner M. Manganese neurotoxicity. Ann N Y Acad Sci 2004;1012:115-28 .

Powers KM, Smith-Weller T, Franklin GM, et al. Parkinson’s disease risks associated with dietary iron, manganese, and other nutrient intakes. Neurology 2003;60:1761-6. Lee JW. Manganese intoxication. Arch Neurol 2000;57:597-9.

Food and Nutrition Board, Institute of Medicine. Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin

A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Copper, Iodine, Iron, Manganese,

Molybdenum, Nickel, Silicon, Vanadium, and Zinc. Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 2002. Available at: www.nap.edu/books/0309072794/html/.

Freeland-Graves JH. Manganese: an essential nutrient for humans. Nutr Today 1988;23:13-9.

Freeland-Graves JH, Turnlund JR. Deliberations and evaluations of the approaches, endpoints and paradigms for manganese and molybdenum dietary recommendations. J Nutr 1996;126:2435S-40S .

Penland JG, Johnson PE. Dietary calcium and manganese effects on menstrual cycle symptoms. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1993;168:1417-23 .

Moghissi KS. Risks and benefits of nutritional supplements during pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol 1981;58:68S-78S .

O’Dell BL. Mineral interactions relevant to nutrient requirements. J Nutr 1989;119:1832-

8 .

Krieger D, Krieger S, Jansen O, et al. Manganese and chronic hepatic encephalopathy. Lancet 1995;346:270-4 .

editor-in-chief David R. Lide. (1994). «Molybdenum». CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. 4. Chemical Rubber Publishing Company. p. 18. ISBN 0849304741.

345

Dos Santos, Patricia C.; Dean, Dennis R. (2008). «A newly discovered role for iron-sulfur clusters». PNAS 105 (33): p. 11589–11590. doi:10.1073/pnas.0805713105. PMID 18697949. edited by Glenn D. Considine. (2005). «Molybdenum». Van Nostrand’s Encyclopedia of Chemistry. New York: Wiley-Interscience. pp. 1038–1040. ISBN 9780471615255.

Shpak, Anatoly P; Kotrechko, Sergiy O; Mazilova, Tatjana I; Mikhailovskij, Igor M (2009). «Inherent tensile strength of molybdenum nanocrystals» (free-download pdf). Science and Technology of Advanced Materials 10:

pp. 045004. doi:10.1088/1468-6996/10/4/045004.

Schmidt, Max (1968). «VI. Nebengruppe» (en German). Anorganische Chemie II.Wissenschaftsverlag. pp. 119–127.

«Properties of Molybdenum». Integral Scientist Periodic Table. Qivx, Inc. (2003). Consultado el 10-06-2007.

Winter, Mark. «Chemistry». Molybdenum. The University of Sheffield. Consultado el 10-06-2007.

Holleman, Arnold F.; Wiberg, Egon; Wiberg, Nils (1985). Lehrbuch der Anorganischen

Chemie (91–100 edición). Walter de Gruyter. pp. 1096–1104. ISBN 3-11-007511

Pope, Michael T.; Müller, Achim (1997). «Polyoxometalate Chemistry: An Old Field with New Dimensions in Several Disciplines». Angewandte Chemie International Edition 30: p. 34. doi:10.1002/anie.199100341.

ed. by Nollet, Leo M.L. (2000). Handbook of water analysis. New York, NY: Marcel Dekker. pp. 280–288. ISBN 9780824784331.

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2 Responses

  1. Gabriel
    | Responder

    ¡Impresionante! A pesar de tener muchas palabras lo he estudiado de un tirón y he bajado a la zona de comentarios
    directamente para agradecerte esta entrada, impresionante !
    Enhorabuena

  2. Emmett
    | Responder

    En esta ocasión te has superado, en serio impresionante post!!!
    Saludos

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